Gaza Strip. Salafi jihadists. Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The Gaza—Israel conflict is a part of the localized Israeli—Palestinian conflict , but is also a scene of power struggle between regional powers including Egypt , Iran and Turkey together with Qatar , supporting different sides of the conflict in light of the regional standoff between Iran and Saudi Arabia  on one hand and between Qatar and Saudi Arabia on the other , as well as crisis in Egyptian-Turkish relations. The conflict originated with the election of the Islamist political party Hamas in  and  in the Gaza Strip and escalated with the split of the Palestinian Authority Palestinian government into the Fatah government in the West Bank and the Hamas government in Gaza and the following violent ousting of Fatah after Fatah lost the election to Hamas.
Israeli-Palestinian Conflict | Global Conflict Tracker
In August and September , the United Arab Emirates UAE and then Bahrain agreed to normalize relations with Israel, making them only the third and fourth countries in the region—following Egypt in and Jordan in —to do so. The agreements, named the Abraham Accords , came more than eighteen months after the United States hosted Israel and several Arab states for ministerial talks in Warsaw, Poland, about the future of peace in the Middle East. Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas has rejected the recent accords and recalled his ambassador from Abu Dhabi; Hamas also rejected the agreements. The peace announcements follow a tumultuous —20 election season in Israel. Netanyahu has been charged with bribery, fraud, and breach of trust, and the third session in his corruption trial is scheduled for December 6, Tensions also remain high between the Israeli military and Hamas.
Why Gaza hasn’t erupted into all-out war
Protesters as they inch closer to the border fence separating Israel and Gaza on May 14, in a camp east of Gaza City, Gaza. The Gaza Strip, the square mile stretch of land located along the Mediterranean coast between Egypt and Israel , has endured decades of protest, military operations and violence as Israel and the Palestinian Authority have both asserted the right to control the area. It is separated by Israel from Jerusalem , which holds deep religious and cultural significance for both Arabs and Jews , with both Israel and Palestinians claiming Jerusalem as a capital city.
Israelis and Arabs have been fighting over Gaza on and off, for decades. It's part of the wider Arab Israeli conflict. They were given a large part of Palestine, which they considered their traditional home but the Arabs who already lived there and in neighbouring countries felt that was unfair and didn't accept the new country. In , the two sides went to war.